Scientific Name : Echinochloa frumantacea
Common Name : Sanwa (Hindi), oodalu (Kannada), Kavadapullu (Malayalam), Kuthiravali (Tamil), Udalu (Telugu), Kira (Oriya).
For the complete list of common names of millets and sorghum in various language, please click here
ICRISAT GeneBank conserves 749 Barnyard millet germplasm accessions from various countries. Browse the list of accessions in ICRISAT GeneBank
Barnyard Millet is a multipurpose crop cultivated for both Food and Fodder. There are two varieties of barnyard millet – Japanese variety cultivated in Japan and Korea while the Indian variety is cultivated only in India . This millet is rich in protein (> 10%); crude fibre (6.7–13.6%) and in iron (9.3–18.6 mg per 100 g) [2,3]. In India, barnyard millet is grown on 0.146 m ha with a production of 0.151 m t  This millet is most effective in reducing blood glucose and lipid levels and hence, recommended for the patients with cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus 
For more details on barnyard millet germplasm resources, genomic resources, refer the publication : Genetic and genomic resources, and breeding for accelerating improvement of small millets: current status and future interventions. Nucleus (2020) by Vetriventhan, M., Azevedo, V.C.R., Upadhyaya, H.D. et al.
Barnyard Millet with Husk
Barnyard Millet Without Husk
 de Wet JMJ, Rao KEP, Mengesha MH, Brink DE. Domestication of Sawa Millet (Echinochloa colona). Econ Bot. 1983;37:283–91.
 Brink M, Plant Belay G. Resources of tropical Africa 1 cereals and pulses. Wageningen: PROTA Foundation/Backhuys Publishers/CYA; 2006.
 Saleh ASM, Zhang Q, Chen J, Shen Q. Millet grains: nutritional quality, processing, and potential health benefits. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf. 2013;12:281–95.
 Bhat BV, Tonapi VA, Rao BD, Singode A, Santra D. Production and utilization of millets in India. In: Santra DK, Johnson JJ, editors. International millet symposium on 3rd international symposium on broomcorn millet (3rd ISBM). 2018. p. 24–6.
 Nutritional and Health benefits of Millets by Dayakar Rao B., Bhaskarachary K., Arlene Christina G.D.,
Sudha Devi G., Vilas, A. Tonapi, 2017, ICAR_Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR)